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Chemical-electric energy conversion effect in zirconia nanopowder systems.

A. S. Doroshkevich, A. I. Lyubchyk, A. V. Shilo, T. Yu. Zelenyak, V. A. Glazunova, V. V. Burhovetskiy, A. V. Saprykina, Kh. T. Holmurodov, I. K. Nosolev, V. S. Doroshkevich, G. K. Volkova, T. E. Konstantinova, V. I. Bodnarchuk, P. P. Gladyshev, V. A. Turchenko, S. A. Sinyakina

http://link.springer.com/10.1134/S1027451017030053

ABSTRACT

Issues concerned with the energy conversion of exothermal heterophase processes are discussed using the physico-chemical interaction between ZrO2–Y2O3 (3 mol %) nanopowder system and atmospheric moisture as an example. The electrical properties of an experimental sample are investigated upon moisture saturation in the case of a molecular-flow density gradient. A probable mechanism for the effect based on the theory of contact phenomena in semiconductors is proposed. The idea of developing chemical-electric converters fabricated from nanoscale materials with dielectric conduction is suggested.

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Keywords:

Nanoparticle

Double electric layer

Chemical-electric energy conversion

Adsorption new energy sources

Size effects nanoionics

Electrokinetic processes

 

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